This is not a beginning, if there is one. This is not even an investigation in to apprehending the causes of the world today. This is simply a when, a time frame, maybe of two hundred years, and a where, places to gather and to organize.
Looking at the history of England I don’t think many layman outside the country (myself included), are very familiar with the time period centered around the beginning of the 13th century, starting about 100 years after the Norman Conquest of England. On a continental scale the second crusade was taking place with minute success (The crusades themselves are of tremendous import to the history of the world, yet little is known of them). The Templar Knights benefited greatly during this time period gaining lucrative tributes, investments, and accounts from pilgrims and soldiers. With their wealth they constructed many churches, cathedrals, and castles, which is widely known. The specific place I want to make note of is Temple Church, the church for the Templars in London, located on the Thames on the western tip of what is now the City of London, the financial district that is a district within greater London, but not legally part of the city, the nation, or the union if I’m not mistaken. Intriguingly, the area, known as temple, is not under the jurisdiction of the City of London either, but is an independent extra-parochial area, or Liberty.
Around the church developed hostels for the legal councils of the Templar, which over time became schools in their own right known as Inner Temple, and Middle Temple, two of the four inns of court for England and Wales, to which barristers belonged to. It should be noted that a third inn of court, Lincoln’s Inn, was established in Holborn, near High Holborn and chancery lane, where the Templars met before they moved to Temple Church, their old meeting building becoming first, the home of the Bishop of Lincoln, and then later the home of the Earl of Southhampton. Also in this area is the Law Society (this however was not established until centuries later).
So here in this little part of London at this time are the beginnings of the modern legal system that has been the most influential system of law since Rome with the Knights Templar’s legal staff. Were these the first international banking lawyers?
And it should be noted that in this same period is the spiritual foundation of English law, the signing of the Magna Carta Libertatum, or “The Great Charter of The Liberties”. The Magna Carta was negotiated by Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury.
I will also make note of Arundel House, owned by bishops, and then the first Earl of Southhampton. It is set next to the Middle Temple, and is home to the International Institute for Strategic Studies, a think tank in the vain of the RAND Corporation.